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References & Information

The Blood Doctrine is a work of fiction but has many significant references to historical facts. The historical references are based on documented evidence with many of the references available below.

Modern Day Crime Examples  |  Brigham Young  |  Sidney Rigdon
John D Lee  |  Proposition 8  |  Mountain Meadows Massacre
Homosexuality / Same Sex Attraction  |  Blood Atonement  |  Loyalty
The Doctrine and Covenants  |  The Book Of Mormon

Modern Day Crime Examples

Dan and Ron Lafferty
1984 murders of Brenda Lafferty and her infant daughter Erica by brothers Dan and Ron Lafferty.

Christopher Gribble (Mormon Missionary)
An aspiring Mormon missionary accused of cold-bloodedly hacking a New Hampshire mom to death saw himself as a “destroying angel,” confided to friends he wanted to murder his father and once said the hardest commandment to obey was “Thou shalt not kill.”

John Joe Thomas (Mormon Elder)
LDS Church elder in Pennsylvania, filled a pair of socks with stones and brutally beat a seventy year old gay man to death, because the Bible “said to stone” gays.

Brigham Young

"It is true that the blood of the Son of God was shed for sins through the fall and those committed by men, yet men can commit sins which it can never remit.... There are sins that can be atoned for by an offering upon an altar, as in ancient days; and there are sins that the blood of a lamb, or a calf, or of turtle dove, cannot remit, but they must be atoned for by the blood of the man."

- Brigham Young

Sermon by Brigham Young published in the Deseret News, 1856. Discourse by President Brigham Young, delivered in the bowery, Great Salt Lake City, September 21, 1856; Journals of Discourse, vol.iv, pp.53,54.

    Journal of Discourses Vol. 4, page 54 (1857 Original Document Scan)
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    Also mentioned in this book: Congressional Edition, Volume 1434
    U.S. Government Printing Office, 1870

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"This is loving our neighbor as ourselves; if he needs help, help him; and if he wants salvation and it is necessary to spill his blood on the earth in order that he may be saved, spill it."

- Brigham Young

A Discourse by President Brigham Young, Delivered in the Tabernacle, Great Salt Lake City, February 8, 1857.

    Journal of Discourses Vol. 4, page 220 (1857 Original Document Scan)
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Sidney Rigdon

"It was the imperative duty of the church to obey the word of Joseph Smith, or the presidency, without question or inquiry, and that if they would not, they should have their throats cut from ear to ear."

- Sidney Rigdon

Mentioned in a letter published in The Prophet newspaper on November 9th, 1844. Vol. 1 No. 25.The letter was from Elder Hyde to his brother.

The Prophet was a local Latter Day Saint newspaper published in New York City, New York, USA. The first editor of the paper was William Smith and the periodical was printed from 1844 to 1845.
    A copy of the letters contents can be found here:
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John D. Lee

"The Mormons believe in blood atonement. It is taught by the leaders, and believed by the people, that the Priesthood are inspired and cannot give a wrong order. It is the belief of all that I ever heard talk of these things - and I have been with the Church since the dark days in Jackson County - that the authority that orders is the only responsible party and the Danite who does the killing only an instrument, and commits no wrong.... Punishment by death is the penalty for refusing to obey the orders of the Priesthood.

I knew of many men being killed in Nauvoo by the Danites. It was then the rule that all the enemies of the Prophet Joseph should be killed, and I know of many a man who was quietly put out of the way by the orders of Joseph and his apostles while the Church was there. It has always been a well understood doctrine of the Church that it is right and praiseworthy to kill every person who speaks evil of the Prophet. This doctrine was strictly lived up to in Utah... "

- John D. Lee

Elder John D. Lee, Brigham Young's adopted son and member of the Danites. John D. Lee Diaries

From the book Mormonism Unveiled:
J. H. Mason, 1891

Including the Remarkable Life and Confessions of the Late Mormon Bishop, John D. Lee; (written by Himself).

    Mormonism Unveiled - Pages 279 & 284 (1891 Original Document Scan):
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Proposition 8 in California

The following letter was sent from the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to Church leaders in California to be read to all congregations on 29 June 2008.

    Preserving Traditional Marriage and Strengthening Families

    In March 2000 California voters overwhelmingly approved a state law providing that "Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California." The California Supreme Court recently reversed this vote of the people. On November 4, 2 008, Californians will vote on a proposed amendment to the California state constitution that will now restore the March 2000 definition of marriage approved by the voters.

    The Church's teachings and position on this moral issue are unequivocal. Marriage between a man and a woman is ordained of God, and the formation of families is central to the Creator's plan for His children. Children are entitled to be born within this bond of marriage.

    A broad-based coalition of churches and other organizations placed the proposed amendment on the ballot. The Church will participate with this coalition in seeking its passage. Local Church leaders will provide information about how you may become involved in this important cause.

    We ask that you do all you can to support the proposed constitutional amendment by donating of your means and time to assure that marriage in California is legally defined as being between a man and a woman. Our best efforts are required to preserve the sacred institution of marriage.

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    Many other LDS Church Proposition 8 news items can be found on their official newsroom website:
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    The New York Times: Mormons Tipped Scale in Ban on Gay Marriage
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    Salt Lake Tribune: Reid rips LDS Church's Prop. 8 support
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    Los Angeles Times: Mormon Church steps into the Prop. 8 battle
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    Los Angeles Times: Mormons feel the backlash over their support of Prop. 8
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    The Atlantic: The Mormon Money Behind Proposition 8
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    LDS Church to be Fined for Late Reports of Prop. 8 Funding
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    KSL TV (Salt Lake City)
    LDS Church's Reaction to the initial ruling on Proposition 8
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    Deseret News (Salt Lake City)
    LDS Church's Reaction to the initial ruling on Proposition 8
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Mountain Meadows Massacre

The Mountain Meadows massacre was a series of attacks on the Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train, at Mountain Meadows in southern Utah. The attacks culminated on September 11, 1857 with the mass slaughter of the emigrant party by the Iron County district of the Utah Territorial Militia and some local Native Americans.

The wagon train—composed almost entirely of families from Arkansas—was bound for California on a route that passed through the Utah Territory during a turbulent period later known as the Utah War. After arriving in Salt Lake City, the Baker–Fancher party made their way south, eventually stopping to rest at Mountain Meadows. While the emigrants were camped at the meadow, nearby militia leaders, including Isaac C. Haight and John D. Lee, made plans to attack the wagon train. The militia, officially called the Nauvoo Legion, was composed of Utah's Mormon settlers (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or LDS Church). Intending to give the appearance of Native American aggression, their plan was to arm some Southern Paiute Native Americans and persuade them to join with a larger party of their own militiamen—disguised as Native Americans—in an attack.

During the initial assault on the wagon train, the emigrants fought back and a five-day siege ensued. Eventually fear spread among the militia's leaders that some emigrants had caught sight of white men, and had probably discovered who their attackers really were. This resulted in an order by militia commander William H. Dame for the emigrants' annihilation. Running low on water and provisions, the emigrants allowed a party of militiamen to enter their camp, who assured them of their safety and escorted them out of their hasty fortification. After walking a distance from the camp, the militiamen, with the help of auxiliary forces hiding nearby, attacked the emigrants. Intending to leave no witnesses of complicity by Mormons in the attacks, and to prevent reprisals that would further complicate the Utah War, the perpetrators killed all the adults and older children (totaling about 120 men, women, and children). Seventeen children, all younger than seven, were spared.

Following the massacre the perpetrators hastily buried the victims, leaving their bodies vulnerable to wild animals and the climate. Local families took in the surviving children, and many of the victims' possessions were auctioned off. Investigations, temporarily interrupted by the American Civil War, resulted in nine indictments during 1874. Of the men indicted, only John D. Lee was tried in a court of law. After two trials in the Utah Territory, Lee was convicted by a jury and executed. Today historians attribute the massacre to a combination of factors including both war hysteria and strident Mormon teachings. Scholars still debate whether senior Mormon leadership, including Brigham Young, directly instigated the massacre or if responsibility lies with the local leaders of southern Utah.

    Mormon Practices subtitle: How the Blood Atonement Doctrine is Carried Out
    Excerpts from John D. Lee's confession are reprinted from the Salt Lake Tribune. Lee states that he was acting under orders when he participated in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.

    September 20th, 1882

    View Document (1882 Original Document Scan)


    The Mountain Meadows Massacre-A Tale of Horror
    New York daily tribune no. 5642
    May 21st, 1859

    An eyewitness to the Mountain Meadows massacre has finally been found. The witness describes the events of the massacre and informs that it was designed and executed by Mormons for the purpose of plunder. From the San Francisco Times.

    View Document (1859 Original Document Scan)


    Evidence shows Brigham Young as integrally involved
    St. Louis globe-democrat vol. 2 no. 124
    September 21st, 1876

    John D. Lee is convicted of murder for his participation with the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Evidence shows Brigham Young as integrally involved.

    View Document (1876 Original Document Scan)


    Cross examination of P.K. Smith
    State rights democrat vol. 10 no. 52
    August 6th, 1875

    Cross examination of P.K. Smith, who gives testimony of the actions leading up to and during the Mountain Meadows Massacre. He has resigned as a bishop and does not consider himself a Mormon.

    View Document (1875 Original Document Scan)


    The massacre at Mountain Meadows will not be avenged until...
    State rights democrat vol. 12 no. 35
    April 6th, 1877

    The massacre at Mountain Meadows will not be avenged until Brigham Young and the entire Mormon priesthood meet the same end as John D. Lee has.

    View Document (1877 Original Document Scan)


    Lee had said that Brigham Young ordered the attack.
    Democratic times
    April 7th, 1877

    Captain John Morse, a close friend of John D. Lee, says that Lee confided in him about the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Lee had said that Brigham Young ordered the attack.

    View Document (1877 Original Document Scan)


    An account of the Mountain Meadows Massacre from Mr. Rogers, Indian Agent.
    Salem daily record vol. 1 no. 195
    December 2nd, 1874
    An account of the Mountain Meadows Massacre from Mr. Rogers, Indian Agent.

    View Document (1874 Original Document Scan)


    The trial of John D. Lee. The testimony of various witnesses against him
    Weekly independent vol. 8 no. 33
    July 29th, 1875
    Helena, Montana

    The trial of John D. Lee. The testimony of various witnesses against him, including that of Phillip Klingensmith.

    The Mormon Massacre Trial of the Mountain Meadow Assassins; A Horrible Account of Men, Women, and Children Piled Dead Upon the Plain; Wolves and Vultures; The Dying and the Dead of the Emigrant Train

    View Document (1875 Original Document Scan)

Homosexuality / Same Sex Attraction

"Homosexuality Is A sin: Next to the crime of murder comes the sin of sexual impurity. "

- Excerpt from a 2002 Mormon pamphlet.

    From the pamphlet Homosexuality and the Church of Jesus Christ: Understanding Homosexuality According to the Doctrine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

    Homosexuality and the Church of Jesus Christ:
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"We do not intend to admit to our campus any homosexuals. If any of you have this tendency and have not completely abandoned it, may I suggest that you leave the university immediately after this assembly…We do not want others on this campus to be contaminated by your presence."

- Ernest Wilkenson, President of Brigham University, in a 1965 lecture to the BYU student body entitled: "Make Honor Your Standard."


Boyd K Packer General Conference October 2010
"Some suppose that they were preset and cannot overcome what they feel are inborn tendencies toward the impure and the unnatural. Not so. Why would our Heavenly Father do that to anyone? Remember, He is our Father.", "This Wickedness Might Threaten Your Family Circle"

Blood Atonement

"According to Marsh, Smith taught his followers that they would 'tread down his enemies and walk over their dead bodies."

- Affidavit of Thomas Marsh, October 24, 1838, Missouri State Archives-Mormon War

    Also mentioned in the book Uncle Sam's Abscess By William Jarman
    Printed at H. Leduc's Steam Printing Works, 1884

    View Document (1884 Original Document Scan)


Horrors of Polygamy subtitle: The Terrors of Blood Atonement; Two Hundred "Sanctified" Murders-A Pen Picture of Delegate George Q. Cannon-An Overflowing Treasury From the Rack Tithe

    The Mormons are bragging about their preparation for battle with the government. Utah is full of violence: the Mormons murder and maim Gentiles under the pretense of making a "blood atonement" to save Gentile souls. An attack on the character of George Q. Cannon. The Mormon leaders live off of the tithing of Church members and use the law of tithing to manipulate followers. Those with business interests in Utah have thus far kept anti-Mormon legislation from passing in Congress, but their interference will ultimately cost them. The Mormons use money to influence Congressmen.

    Chicago Herald
    February 25th, 1882

    View Document (1882 Original Document Scan)


    George Q. Cannon talks about blood atonement in the Mormon Church
    Hand-book on Mormonism - 1882
    Page 50

    View Document (1882 Original Document Scan)


    The Mormon country: A summer with the "Latter-day Saints"
    United States Pub. Co., 1874
    Page 154

    Mentions blood atonement not being used as it once was.

    View Document (1874 Original Document Scan)


    Revival of the Mormon Problem
    The North American review - 1899
    Mention of blood atonement

    View Document (1899 Original Document Scan)


    New light on Mormonism
    1885 - Page 192

    "P.W. Penrose, a well-known Mormon leader, has recently denied that "blood atonement" has ever been practiced among the Saints, but adds, "in the good time coming it will be."

    View Document (1885 Original Document Scan)


"It was taught by Smith and believed by every true Mormon that the prophecies of Joseph Smith were superior to the law of the land."

- The Mormons Or Latter-Day Saints (1852)

    Mentioned in the book: The Mormons Or Latter-Day Saints (1852)

    View Document (1852 Original Document Scan)

"I am called of god. My authority is above that of the kings of earth..."

- Bruce R. McConkie

Address delivered as the Australian Mission president 1961'-1964'

The Doctrine and Covenants

"Behold, this is your work, to keep my commandments, yea, with all your might, mind and strength."

- D&C 11:20 (of. D&C 64:34)

"For if you will that I give unto you a place in the celestial world, you must prepare yourselves by doing the things which I have commanded you and required of you."

- D&C 78:7

The Book Of Mormon

"They who are not for me are against me"

- 2 Nephi 10:16


"Therefore I did obey the voice of the Spirit and took Laban by the hair of the head, and I smote off his head with his own sword"

- 1 Nephi, 4:18

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